A high-order finite difference method on overlapping grids for predicting the hydro-elastic response of ships

PhD project at DTU. Rund from 1.9.2020 to 30.8.2023. Project participants: Baoshun Zhou (DTU), Harry Bingham (DTU), Yanlin Shao (DTU), Mostafa Amini Afshar (DTU).

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Accelerating the Energy Transition at Sea and on Land: Ports as Hubs

Recent estimates show that almost 90% of the investments needed for the energy transition at sea will be in land-based infrastructure. As a consequence, ports are expected to develop into energy hubs that will serve in bridging the maritime, energy and interrelated industries. However, this imposes the challenge of how ports can manage and facilitate the transition, which must occur almost simultaneously globally, and do it as quickly and as efficiently as possible.

Through an exploratory study this project will identify major challenges and opportunities for ports as facilitators of the transition to alternative fuels for shipping and industry. The project has the long-term ambition to establish an international partnership for academic research on the topic.

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AIS Data Driven Ship Behavior Modelling

Industrial PhD project with TORM at RUC. Runs from 2.1.2022 to 31.1.2025. Participants: Benjamin Magnussen (RUC)

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Analysis and improvement of human-machine interaction for automated functions on ships

Given the unprecedented pace of introducing automation on ships, deficiencies in human-machine interaction will have a cumulative negative effect on safety for crew members, other ships, and the environment. It is very timely to revisit, improve, further develop, and validate methods and standards for designing information visualization, interfaces and human-machine systems for both existing and advanced ships. The more advanced a control system is, the more crucial is the contribution of the operator in complex situations which are outside the range of automatic control. Physical systems, software, hardware, the changed role of humans and interfaces all together form human-machine systems that should be analysed in greater detail than in the past and should be designed in their unity.
As an example, the implementation of the ECDIS system on ships is a big technological step forward. However, a substantial number of the ECDIS related groundings clearly indicate that because of systems complexity, the large number of adjustments needed for proper use.
The development of technology and human-machine systems in the maritime sector is at large incidental and rooted in traditions rather than following the path from science to technology and further to practice. Our project will work out a roadmap to deploy research and innovation activities aimed at laying down theoretical and evidential foundation for strategic and coherent implementation of automation, so that what the potenatial technology can offer and state-of-the-art could go hand by hand in the fast-paced technological development.

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Creating Circular Economy Clusters for Sustainable Ship Recycling in Denmark

The project has explored the potential for Danish yards and maritime industry, addressing questions regarding the size and composition of the relevant near-end-of-life fleet, the structure and capabilities of the Danish yards and maritime industry and a deeper analysis of the market for ship recycling in Denmark, including the pricing of end-of-life shipping assets and the nature of transactions. The study found that the structure and capabilities of the ports, yards and maritime industry places Denmark in a favourable position to develop its ship recycling industry around circular economy principles, but that significant barriers must be overcome both in terms of location and public acceptance as well as market strategies and price formation. In addition, for ship recycling in Denmark to become truly circular, there must be closer coordination between ports, yards and maritime suppliers where business models are developed around a lifecycle perspective on ships.

Link to final report

Data-driven prediction of added resistance on ships in waves

PhD project at DTU. Runs from 1.3.2020 to 28.2.2023. Participants: Mittendorf, Malte (PhD Student, DTU) Nielsen, Ulrik Dam (Main Supervisor, DTU) Bingham, Harry B. (Supervisor, DTU).

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Dealing with uncertainty in RORO ship planning

PhD project at DTU. Runs from 1.5.2021 to 30.4.2024. Participants: Alistair Main (DTU), Dario Pacino (DTU), Filipe Rodriguez (DTU)

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Decision Support for Transportation Planning of Supply Chain Management Service Providers

PhD project at DTU. Runs from 1.7.2021 to 30.6.2024. Participants: Dario Pacino (DTU) and Baptiste Coutton (DTU).

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Development of algorithms and AI to maximize container vessel capacity and profitability

A pilot project made by the Danish firma Sealytix has shown that application of algorithms and AI can incrase the earnings of a container vessel by up to 10 %. The purpose of this project is to solve som of the computer science issues realted to the practical implementation of these algorithms. As such, the main contribution of the project is to develop new algorithms and AI methods to optimize the loading of the vessels. The project also aims at engagning the open research environment with standard descriptions of the problems and the development of new experts to the area.

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Digital Ship Operations – Engine & Equipment Performance

Ship engines are subject to a very demanding work environment, where maximum availability is a must. In this project we look at different operational variables of a marine engine from large cargo ships, with the aim of detecting and trending damage onset on different engine sub-components. This information can be used by owners to expedite O&M interventions and maximize ship availability. The project runs from 03/08/2020 to 30/04/2023.

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Experimental Assessment of Sustainable Lignin Fuels for Marine Engines

PhD project at DTU. Runs from 1.5.2021 to 13.8.2024. Project participants: Terauchi Motoki (DTU), Anders Ivarsson (DTU)

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Experimental Investigation of Ammonia Ignition in Combustion Engines

PhD project at DTU. Runs from 1.5.2021 to 30.4.2024. Participants: Thomas Østerby Holst Rasmussen (DTU), Anders Ivarsson (DTU)

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Green fuels for sustainable transport

PhD project at DTU. Runs from 1.12.2021 to 30.11.2024. participants Niels Førby (PhD Student, DTU) Anders Christiansen Erlandsson (Main Supervisor) Harry B. Bingham (Examiner, DTU) & Rasmus Faurskov Cordtz (Supervisor)

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GreenHyScale – 100 MW Green hydrogen production in a replicable and scalable industrial hosting environment

The objective of GreenHyScale is to pave the way for large scale deployment of electrolysis both onshore and offshore, in line withthe EU hydrogen strategy and offshore renewable energy strategy. GreenHyScale will develop a novel multi-MW-range alkaline electrolyser platform with factory assembled and pre-tested modules, allowing rapid on-site installation capable of reaching a CAPEX below 400?/kW by the end of the 5-year project. A 6 MW module fitting into a 40-foot container will be demonstrated as the first step in the project, and lead to a minimum 100 MW electrolysis plant located in the ideal hosting environment of GreenLab Skive: a symbiotic, industrial Power-to-X platform capable of replicating across Europe with associated green growth and job creation benefits. The minimum 100 MW electrolysis plant will generate green hydrogen for 2 years from 80 MW directly connected renewables in combination with certified green electricity from a TSO grid connection. GreenLab Skive distributes green electricity from both sources through its unique SymbiosisNet which optimises and exchanges energy in all forms (heat, gas, water, heat) between the industrial park entities and external suppliers and offtakers. The setup enables the electrolysis plant to reach an overall energy efficiency above 90%. The GreenHyScale electrolysis plant will become the world?s largest electrolyser system qualified as a TSO balancing services provider, thereby reducing the cost of hydrogen to below 2.85?/kg for an electricity cost of 40?/MWh. Besides, because of the inevitable link between offshore wind and electrolysis, an upgraded high-pressure 7.5 MW electrolysis module suited for offshore applications will be developed. GreenHyScale will form new European green value chains that support the paradigm shift to a hydrogen economy and transition to green energy by overcoming both technical upscaling and commercial barriers. GreenHyScale will pave the way towards GW-scale electrolyser plants.

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Maritime Security in Ghana (AMARIS)

The goal of AMARIS is to conduct a theory-driven and in-depth study of maritime security in Ghana. It investigates the manifestations of maritime crime in the country (work package 1), the governance responses to maritime security that have developed in the past twenty year (work package 2), and the capacity building assistance that is carried out in the country by international partners (work package 3). Ghana is seen as a paradigmatic case because it is a country in the Global South that can successfully govern its waters. The research will reveal best practices, but also the tensions and challenges that persist. Theoretically the project draws on practice theory and specifically, assemblage thinking. Part of the project is also a junior analyst training school that aims at advancing expertise in the Western African region.

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Monitoring Carbon Emissions of Ships

PhD Project at DTU. Runs from 15.8.2020 to 14.8.2023. Participants: Amandine Godet (DTU), Michael B. Barfoed (DTU) and George Panagakos (DTU)

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Normalized Indicator for Carbon Emissions of Ships

This project intends to develop an indicator that can effectively reflect all attributes of a ship’s energy efficiency. Detailed technical and operational data of a fleet will be analyzed in order to estimate the effect of weather on fuel consumption, design a weather-normalized indicator and apply it on standardized pre-determined operational cycles that the project will develop for different ship sizes. Furthermore, the project will broaden the unit of concern from the single ship to a company or a fleet of ships. In this way, NICE attempts to capture the network effect on ship performance and reach the IMO carbon intensity targets at minimal cost for the ship operators/owners.
In addition to developing an indicator suitable for monitoring purposes within the company, NICE aspires to contribute to the policy dialogue with a combined technical/operational approach, thus, strengthening Denmark’s position at IMO, adding to its prestige as a maritime nation and contributing to the Blue Denmark vision.

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Ocean Infrastructures and Global Ocean Politics

The project addresses the vital issue of how the oceans can be used sustainably and governed more effectively. Developing an innovative analytical framework centred on the concept of infrastructures. The team on this project will bring infrastructures to the front and centre of analysis through 3 linked case studies that interrogate infrastructural flows for effective oceanic governance: maritime shipping routes, undersea cables and marine oil spills. In using and governing the oceans we face a range of fundamental dilemmas. Through this project we will be able to identify how we can better cope with these through developing ocean infrastructures that protect our oceans in the future. The project will run from 2022 to 2026.

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Port Effectiveness and Public Private Cooperation for Competitiveness (PEPP II)

A multidisciplinary and -national team of Ghanaian and Danish researchers engage in a three year research project financed by the Danish Ministry of Foreign Affairs in order to address the question how communication, gender, and sustainability affect the cluster performance of the Port of Tema in Ghana. We approach the question from different angles ranging from quantitative survey datat to longitudinal anthropological observations and qualitative multilayered interviews with port workers, politicians, port officials, domestic and foreign investors, and representatives from the surrounding communities. Runs from: 16.1.2022 to 15.1.2025.

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Port polities – Logistics, political orders and new hegemons in the land-sea nexus

This project examines the production of political orders around deep-sea ports in Africa. As part of global logistics networks, deep-sea ports are currently expanding and proliferating. In Africa, this development is often supported by parastatal logistics companies from states such as China, the United Arab Emirates (UAE) and Saudi Arabia. Focusing on the intersection between territorial states, corporates and non-Western hegemons, the project asks: What kind of polities emerge around ports, and with what consequences for the political order of host states?

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Premixed Combustion of Alternative Fuel in Two-stroke Marine Engines

Utilizing green alternative fuels in marine engines is a big step on the way of Decarbonation. In this context, MAN Energy Solutions is developing a new two-stroke dual fuel natural gas-diesel marine engine based on new premixed combustion technology. This new technology is expected to be cost effective with lower emission levels. The current numerical project aims to study the methane slip which is one of the main challenges of the premixed technology. The pilot diesel fuel injection parameters will be optimized to obtain higher efficiency and lower emissions. Runs from 1.5.2022 to 30.4.2024

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RORO Green – Green RoRo Shipping through Digital Innovation

ROROGREEN is a project that aims at bringing Denmark a step closer to sustainable Roll-on Roll-off (RoRo) shipping. The project uses digital innovation to monitor RoRo shipping emissions and optimize the industry operational and strategic planning. By doing so, we reduce the fuel consumption of the used vessels, which have the highest impact factor on the GHG emissions produced during maritime shipping. The operational efficiency gained by the optimized procedures will lower the cost thus attract more cargo from road to sea and thus indirectly also reduce the emissions of road transport.

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ShipWeldFlow – Digital Twins for robotic unit welding analysis and optimization in ship production

In ShipWeldFlow, we develop novel digital analysis and optimization tools to support the workflow of robotic welding in shipbuilding operations. We use Digital Twins to address the needs of two companies, Odense Maritime Technology and Inrotech, by joint development of the required digital tools to innovate the central workflow in modern steel ship production. Based on the Digital Twins, we aim for tackling the essential questions of how shipyard investments in robotic welding solutions can increase efficiency and reduce costs of producing a given ship design, how ship redesigns can lead to material and waste reduction, and how robotic welding solutions can be improved to yield better welding performance for customer-specific ship designs. ShipWeldFlow is a Grand Solution funded by Innovation Fund Denmark and coordinated by SDU Robotics.

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Simulating Wave-Inducing Whipping Response of Ships

PhD project at DTU. Runs from 01/12/2020 to 30/11/2023. Participants: Chen, Limin (PhD Student, DTU) Shao, Yanlin (Main Supervisor, DTU) and Walther, Jens Honore (Supervisor, DTU).

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Smart, transparent and sustainable food supply chains (Digimat)

The objective is to develop a conceptual control models for smart, sustainable and transparent operations in food supply chains. The project is funded by the Norwegian Research Council.

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Stowage Algorithms and AI for Energy Efficient Liner Shipping

Industrial PhD project together with with SeaLytix. Funded by Innovation Fund. Runs from 1.3.2023 to 28.2.2025. Participants: Line Reinhardt (RUC) Agnieszka Sievertsen (RUC)

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Underwater Radiated Noise Prediction for Marine Propellers

PhD project at DTU. Runs from 15.2.2021 to 14.2.2024. Participants; Joseph Praful Tomy (PhD Student, DTU), Harry Bingham (Main Supervisor, DTU), Ulrik Dam Nielsen (Supervisor, DTU) and Keun Woo Shin (Supervisor).

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Wind Propulsion Systems for Commercial Ships: Modelling, Design and Cost Optimization

Industrial PhD Project at DTU together with North Sails. Runs from 15.3.2022-14.3.2025. Participants: Martina R. Vilanova (DTU), Harry Bingham (DTU) and Harolaos Psaraftis (DTU)

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