The importance of reliable battery energy storage systems (BESS) is key to the sustainability of many applications such as renewable power, smart grids, and electric vehicles (EVs). Due to decreasing cost and maturing technology, the Li-ion batteries are now widely used for grid-level storage, grid support for improved power quality, integration with photovoltaic systems, and EV applications. A Li-ion battery pack typically comprises Li-ion cells connected in a suitable combination of series and parallel structure. A battery management system (BMS) is required for charging and discharging, monitoring the current and voltage of each cell or string, battery protection, and temperature control. The system's reliability depends on the BESS reliability and is affected by many factors, including temperature, C-rate, DOD. This research aims to improve BESS reliability by using accurate lifetime modelling for various BMS and converter topologies to identify real-time BESS health and ensure reliability through a suitable control strategy. In particular, the reliability of the BESS for centralized, modularised, distributed, and decentralized topology will be explored along with its cost-reliability trade-off. I will focus on control strategies for optimizing BESS reliability for different applications.
Solid-state lithium battery (SSLB) is considered as the most potential energy storage device in the next generation energy system due to its excellent safety performance. However, there are still intimidating safety issues for the SSLB, due to it being still in the development stage. This paper gives an overview of the safety of SSLBs. First, advanced solid-state battery techniques are introduced. Second, the safety issues of SSLBs are discussed. Then, the safety enhancement techniques are provided. Finally, future research opportunities are presented. This paper aims to provide a reference for researchers in the fields of electronic and electrical engineering who want to make some efforts in SSLB safety.