The report is organized as follows. The introduction will lay out the current state-of-play of eco-efficiency and the zeitgeist of the current situation on maritime that we find ourselves in, in 2020. The next section will provide some historical context looking back to 2010 and 2000 to trace the trajectory and developmental course on which we are. The core contribution of this report is the Maritime Operations Roadmap that can be found in Figure 1 on page 9. This illustration plots the expectations for technological capabilities and policy from 2020 to 2030.
With international rules of navigation, the IMO COLREGS, describing the regulatory behaviours of marine vessels relative to each other, correct interpretation of situations is instrumental to the successful navigation at sea. This becomes even more crucial when temporal unattended bridge or fully unmanned navigation is aimed at. Based on a breakdown of COLREG rules, this paper presents a framework for representation of manoeuvering behaviours, that are expected when all vessels obey the rules. Our analysis is based on discrete-event systems theory and the proposed framework consists of sets of finite automata, segregating situation assessment from decision making. A intermediate supervisory layer coordinates the communication of these automata modules. The framework is tested in simulation environment using a realistic scenario.